Navigation
Navigate Navigate Navigate Navigate Navigate Navigate Navigate Navigate

IfcSpace

Definition from IAI: A space represents an area or volume bounded actually or theoretically. Spaces are areas or volumes that provide for certain functions within a building.

A space is (if specified) associated to a building storey (or in case of exterior spaces to a site). A space may span over several connected spaces. Therefore a space group provides for a collection of spaces included in a storey. A space can also be decomposed in parts, where each part defines a partial space. This is defined by the composition type attribute of the supertype IfcSpatialStructureElement which is interpreted as follow:

The following guidelines should apply for using the Name, Description, LongName and ObjectType attributes.

HISTORY New Entity in IFC Release 1.0

Property Set Use Definition:

The property sets relating to the IfcSpace are defined by the IfcPropertySet and attached by the IfcRelDefinesByProperties relationship. It is accessible by the inverse IsDefinedBy relationship. The following property set definitions specific to the IfcSpace are part of this IFC release:

Quantity Use Definition:

The quantities relating to the IfcSpace are defined by the IfcElementQuantity and attached by the IfcRelDefinesByProperties. The following quantities are foreseen, but will be subjected to the local standard of measurement:

Name Description Value Type
NominalHeight Floor Height (without flooring) to Ceiling height (without suspended ceiling) for this space (measured from top of slab of this space to the bottom of slab of space above); the average shall be taken if room shape is not prismatic. IfcQuantityLength
ClearHeight Clear Height between floor level (including finish) and ceiling level (including finish and sub construction) of this space; the average shall be taken if room shape is not prismatic. IfcQuantityLength
GrossPerimeter Calculated gross perimeter at the floor level of this space. It all sides of the space, including those parts of the perimeter that are created by virtual boundaries and openings. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityLength
NetPerimeter Calculated net perimeter at the floor level of this space. It normally excludes those parts of the perimeter that are created by by virtual boundaries and openings. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityLength
GrossFloorArea Calculated sum of all floor areas covered by the space. It normally includes the area covered by elementsinside the space (columns, inner walls, etc.). The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
NetFloorArea Calculated sum of all usable floor areas covered by the space. It normally excludes the area covered by elements inside the space (columns, inner walls, etc.), floor openings, or other protruding elements. Special rules apply for areas that have a low headroom. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
GrossCeilingArea Calculated sum of all ceiling areas of the space. It normally includes the area covered by elementsinside the space (columns, inner walls, etc.). The ceiling area is the real (and not the projected) area (e.g. in case of sloped ceilings). The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
NetCeilingArea Calculated sum of all ceiling areas covered by the space. It normally excludes the area covered by elements inside the space (columns, inner walls, etc.) or by ceiling openings. The ceiling area is the real (and not the projected) area (e.g. in case of sloped ceilings). The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
GrossWallArea Calculated sum of all wall areas bounded by the space. It normally includes the area covered by elementsinside the wall area (doors, windows, other openings, etc.). The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
NetWallArea Calculated sum of all wall areas bounded by the space. It normally excludes the area coveredby elements inside the wall area (doors, windows, other openings, etc.). Special rules apply for areas that have a low headroom. The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityArea
GrossVolume Calculated gross volume of all areas enclosed by the space (normally including the volume of construction elements inside the space). The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityVolume
NetVolume Calculated net volume of all areas enclosed by the space (normally excluding the volume of construction elements inside the space). The exact definition and calculation rules depend on the method of measurement used. IfcQuantityVolume

Spatial Structure Use Definition

The IfcSpace is used to build the spatial structure of a building (that serves as the primary project breakdown and is required to be hierarchical). The spatial structure elements are linked together by using the objectified relationship IfcRelAggregates. The IfcSpace references them by its inverse relationships:

If there are building elements and/or other elements directly related to the IfcSpace (like most furniture and distribution elements), they are associated with the IfcSpace by using the objectified relationship IfcRelContainedInSpatialStructure. The IfcSpace references them by its inverse relationship:
Attribute Use Definition:
space heights

The following figure describes the heights and elevations of the IfcSpace.

Geometry Use Definitions

The geometric representation of IfcSpace is given by the IfcProductDefinitionShape and IfcLocalPlacement allowing multiple geometric representations.

NOTE1 If the surrounding instances of IfcRelSpaceBoundary define a complete geometric representation of a particular representation view for that space, then this view shall be omitted from the multiple representations of IfcSpace.

NOTE2 In cases of inconsistency between the geometric representation of the IfcSpace and its surrounding IfcRelSpaceBoundary, the geometric representation of the space should take priority over the geometric representation of the surrounding space boundaries.

Local Placement

The local placement for IfcSpace is defined in its supertype IfcProduct. It is defined by the IfcLocalPlacement, which defines the local coordinate system that is referenced by all geometric representations.

Geometric Representations

Currently, the use of a 2D 'FootPrint' representation of type 'Curve2D' or 'GeometricCurveSet' and a 3D 'Body' representation of type 'SweptSolid, 'Clipping' and 'Brep' is supported.

'Foot' Print representation

The 2D geometric representation of IfcSpace is defined using the 'Curve2D' or 'GeometricCurveSet' geometry. The following attribute values should be inserted

The following constraints apply to the 2D representation:

2d representation

Two-dimensional bounded curve representing the foot print of IfcSpace.

'Swept Solid' representation

The standard geometric representation of IfcSpace is defined using the swept area solid geometry. The following attribute values should be inserted

The following constraints apply to the standard representation:

fig1

Extrusion of an arbitrary profile definition with voids into the swept area solid of IfcSpace.

'Clipping' representation

The advanced geometric representation of IfcSpace is defined using the swept area solid geometry that can be subjected to a Boolean expression. The following attribute values should be inserted.

The following additional constraints apply to the advanced representation:

fig2 Extrusion of an arbitrary profile definition into the swept area solid. The solid and an half space solid are operands of the Boolean result of IfcSpace.

'Brep' representation

The fallback advanced geometric representation of IfcSpace is defined using the Brep solid geometry. may be represented as a single or multiple instances of IfcFacetedBrep or IfcFacetedBrepWithVoids. The Brep representation allows for the representation of complex element shape. The following attribute values for the IfcShapeRepresentation holding this geometric representation shall be used:

EXPRESS specification:

ENTITY IfcSpace
SUBTYPE OF ( IfcSpatialStructureElement);
InteriorOrExteriorSpace  :  IfcInternalOrExternalEnum;
ElevationWithFlooring  :  OPTIONAL IfcLengthMeasure;
INVERSE
HasCoverings  :  SET OF IfcRelCoversSpaces FOR RelatedSpace;
BoundedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelSpaceBoundary FOR RelatingSpace;
END_ENTITY;

Attribute definitions:

InteriorOrExteriorSpace  :  Defines, whether the Space is interior (Internal), or exterior (External), i.e. part of the outer space.
ElevationWithFlooring  :  Level of flooring of this space; the average shall be taken, if the space ground surface is sloping or if there are level differences within this space.
HasCoverings  :  Reference to IfcCovering by virtue of the objectified relationship IfcRelCoversSpaces. It defines the concept of a space having coverings assigned. Those coverings may represent different flooring, or tiling areas.
NOTE  Coverings are often managed by the space, and not by the building element, which they cover.
IFC2x Edition3 CHANGE  New inverse relationship. Upward compatibility for file based exchange is guaranteed.

BoundedBy  :  Reference to Set of Space Boundaries that defines the physical or virtual delimitation of that Space.

Inheritance graph

ENTITY IfcSpace;
ENTITY IfcRoot;
GlobalId  :  IfcGloballyUniqueId;
OwnerHistory  :  IfcOwnerHistory;
Name  :  OPTIONAL IfcLabel;
Description  :  OPTIONAL IfcText;
ENTITY IfcObjectDefinition;
INVERSE
HasAssignments  :  SET OF IfcRelAssigns FOR RelatedObjects;
IsDecomposedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelDecomposes FOR RelatingObject;
Decomposes  :  SET [0:1] OF IfcRelDecomposes FOR RelatedObjects;
HasAssociations  :  SET OF IfcRelAssociates FOR RelatedObjects;
ENTITY IfcObject;
ObjectType  :  OPTIONAL IfcLabel;
INVERSE
IsDefinedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelDefines FOR RelatedObjects;
ENTITY IfcProduct;
ObjectPlacement  :  OPTIONAL IfcObjectPlacement;
Representation  :  OPTIONAL IfcProductRepresentation;
INVERSE
ReferencedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelAssignsToProduct FOR RelatingProduct;
ENTITY IfcSpatialStructureElement;
LongName  :  OPTIONAL IfcLabel;
CompositionType  :  IfcElementCompositionEnum;
INVERSE
ReferencesElements  :  SET OF IfcRelReferencedInSpatialStructure FOR RelatingStructure;
ServicedBySystems  :  SET OF IfcRelServicesBuildings FOR RelatedBuildings;
ContainsElements  :  SET OF IfcRelContainedInSpatialStructure FOR RelatingStructure;
ENTITY IfcSpace;
InteriorOrExteriorSpace  :  IfcInternalOrExternalEnum;
ElevationWithFlooring  :  OPTIONAL IfcLengthMeasure;
INVERSE
HasCoverings  :  SET OF IfcRelCoversSpaces FOR RelatedSpace;
BoundedBy  :  SET OF IfcRelSpaceBoundary FOR RelatingSpace;
END_ENTITY;