Teil zu Ganzes Beziehung - Relation (allgemein)

The decomposition relationship, IfcRelDecomposes, defines the general concept of elements being composed or decomposed. The decomposition relationship denotes a whole/part hierarchy with the ability to navigate from the whole (the composition) to the parts and vice versa.

Decompositions may be constrained by requiring both, the whole and its parts, to be of the same type - thus establishing a nesting relationship. Or they may require some form of physical containment, thus establishing special types of aggregation relationships.

NOTE  There are two special names for decomposition, which are linguistically distinguished, nesting and aggregation. The subtypes of IfcRelDecomposes will introduce either the nesting or aggregation convention (see IfcRelNests and IfcRelAggregates).
EXAMPLE  A cost element is a nest of other cost elements. Or a structural frame is an aggregation of beams and columns. Both are applications of decomposition relationship.

Decompositions imply a dependency, i.e. the definition of the whole depends on the definition of the parts and the parts depend on the existence of the whole. The decomposition relationship can be applied in a recursive manner, i.e. a decomposed element can be part in another decomposition. Cyclic references have to be prevented at application level.

HISTORY  New entity in IFC1.5, it is a generalisation of the IFC2.0 entity IfcRelNests.
IFC4 CHANGE  The differentiation between the aggregation and nesting is determined to be a non-ordered or an ordered collection of parts. The attributes RelatingObject and RelatedObjects have been demoted to the subtypes.

XSD Specification:

 <xs:element name="IfcRelDecomposes" type="ifc:IfcRelDecomposes" abstract="true" substitutionGroup="ifc:IfcRelationship" nillable="true"/>
 <xs:complexType name="IfcRelDecomposes" abstract="true">
   <xs:extension base="ifc:IfcRelationship"/>

EXPRESS Specification:

ENTITY IfcRelDecomposes
ABSTRACT SUPERTYPE OF(ONEOF(IfcRelAggregates, IfcRelNests, IfcRelProjectsElement, IfcRelVoidsElement))
SUBTYPE OF IfcRelationship;

Link to EXPRESS-G diagram EXPRESS-G diagram

Inheritance Graph:

ENTITY IfcRelDecomposes
GlobalId : IfcGloballyUniqueId;
OwnerHistory : OPTIONAL IfcOwnerHistory;
Name : OPTIONAL IfcLabel;
Description : OPTIONAL IfcText;
ENTITY IfcRelationship
ENTITY IfcRelDecomposes

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