Définition par type
Definiert durch Typ - Relation: Relation zwischen einem Objekt und dessen Typ

The objectified relationship IfcRelDefinesByType defines the relationship between an object type and object occurrences.

The IfcRelDefinesByType is a 1-to-N relationship, as it allows for the assignment of one type information to a single or to many objects. Those objects then share the same object type, and the property sets and properties assigned to the object type.

HISTORY  New entity in IFC2x.
IFC4 CHANGE  The attribute RelatedObjects had been demoted from the supertype IfcRelDefines to IfcRelDefinesByType.

Relationship use definition

The IfcRelDefinesByType links the object type definition with the object occurrence. Both may define properties by assigning an IfcPropertySet, including one or many subtypes of IfcProperty to either the object type or object occurrence, as shown in Figure 99.

There are several scenarios to define the same property set on the object type definition and object occurrence side:

  1. All properties for all object occurrences of a common object type have the same value - then only the object type definition has a property set assigned.
  2. All properties for all object occurrences are different, that is there are no common property values for the object type definition - then each of the object occurrence has a property set assigned.
  3. Some properties within the same property set have common values and are assigned to the object type definition and some are occurrence specific and assigned (with potentially different values) to the object occurrences - then:
instance diagram

Figure 99 — Type definition relationships

The following table provides an example of assigning

properties assigned to IfcWall properties assigned to IfcWallType resulting property value for individual wall
Pset_WallCommon Pset_WallCommon  
 - ExtendToStructure = TRUE   TRUE
   - ThermalTransmittance = 0.375 0.375
 - ExtendToStructure = FALSE  - ExtendToStructure = TRUE FALSE

XSD Specification:

 <xs:element name="IfcRelDefinesByType" type="ifc:IfcRelDefinesByType" substitutionGroup="ifc:IfcRelDefines" nillable="true"/>
 <xs:complexType name="IfcRelDefinesByType">
   <xs:extension base="ifc:IfcRelDefines">
     <xs:element name="RelatedObjects">
        <xs:element ref="ifc:IfcObject" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <xs:attribute ref="ifc:itemType" fixed="ifc:IfcObject"/>
       <xs:attribute ref="ifc:cType" fixed="set"/>
       <xs:attribute ref="ifc:arraySize" use="optional"/>
     <xs:element name="RelatingType" type="ifc:IfcTypeObject" nillable="true"/>

EXPRESS Specification:

ENTITY IfcRelDefinesByType
SUBTYPE OF IfcRelDefines;
RelatedObjects : SET [1:?] OF IfcObject;
RelatingType : IfcTypeObject;

Link to EXPRESS-G diagram EXPRESS-G diagram

Attribute Definitions:

RelatingType : Reference to the type (or style) information for that object or set of objects.

Inheritance Graph:

ENTITY IfcRelDefinesByType
GlobalId : IfcGloballyUniqueId;
OwnerHistory : OPTIONAL IfcOwnerHistory;
Name : OPTIONAL IfcLabel;
Description : OPTIONAL IfcText;
ENTITY IfcRelationship
ENTITY IfcRelDefines
ENTITY IfcRelDefinesByType
RelatedObjects : SET [1:?] OF IfcObject;
RelatingType : IfcTypeObject;


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