Localisation dans la structure spatiale
Zu räumlicher Struktur zugeordnet - Relation

This objectified relationship, IfcRelContainedInSpatialStructure, is used to assign elements to a certain level of the spatial project structure. Any element can only be assigned once to a certain level of the spatial structure. The question, which level is relevant for which type of element, can only be answered within the context of a particular project and might vary within the various regions.

EXAMPLE  A multi-storey space is contained (or belongs to) the building storey at which its ground level is, but it is referenced by all the other building storeys, in which it spans. A lift shaft might be contained by the basement, but referenced by all storeys, through which it spans.

The containment relationship of an element within a spatial structure has to be a hierarchical relationship; an element can only be contained within a single spatial structure element. The reference relationship between an element and the spatial structure need not be hierarchical; that is, an element can reference many spatial structure elements.

NOTE  The reference relationship is expressed by IfcRelReferencedInSpatialStructure.

Predefined spatial structure elements to which elements can be assigned are

Occurrences of the same element type can be assigned to different spatial structure elements depending on the context of the occurrence.

EXAMPLE  A wall might be normally assigned to a storey, however the curtain wall might be assigned to the building and the retaining wall in the terrain might be assigned to the site.
HISTORY  New entity in IFC2x.
IFC2x CHANGE  The data type of the attribute RelatedElements has been changed from IfcElement to its supertype IfcProduct with upward compatibility for file based exchange.

Containment Use Definition

Figure 130 shows the use of IfcRelContainedInSpatialStructure to assign a stair and two walls to two different levels within the spatial structure.


Figure 130 — Relationship for spatial structure containment

XSD Specification:

 <xs:element name="IfcRelContainedInSpatialStructure" type="ifc:IfcRelContainedInSpatialStructure" substitutionGroup="ifc:IfcRelConnects" nillable="true"/>
 <xs:complexType name="IfcRelContainedInSpatialStructure">
   <xs:extension base="ifc:IfcRelConnects">
     <xs:element name="RelatedElements">
        <xs:element ref="ifc:IfcProduct" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
       <xs:attribute ref="ifc:itemType" fixed="ifc:IfcProduct"/>
       <xs:attribute ref="ifc:cType" fixed="set"/>
       <xs:attribute ref="ifc:arraySize" use="optional"/>
     <xs:element name="RelatingStructure" type="ifc:IfcSpatialElement" nillable="true"/>

EXPRESS Specification:

ENTITY IfcRelContainedInSpatialStructure
SUBTYPE OF IfcRelConnects;
RelatedElements : SET [1:?] OF IfcProduct;
RelatingStructure : IfcSpatialElement;

Link to EXPRESS-G diagram EXPRESS-G diagram

Attribute Definitions:

RelatedElements : Set of products, which are contained within this level of the spatial structure hierarchy.
IFC2x CHANGE  The data type has been changed from IfcElement to IfcProduct with upward compatibility
RelatingStructure : Spatial structure element, within which the element is contained. Any element can only be contained within one element of the project spatial structure.
IFC4 CHANGE  The attribute RelatingStructure as been promoted to the new supertype IfcSpatialElement with upward compatibility for file based exchange.

Formal Propositions:

WR31 : The relationship object shall not be used to include other spatial structure elements into a spatial structure element. The hierarchy of the spatial structure is defined using IfcRelAggregates.

Inheritance Graph:

ENTITY IfcRelContainedInSpatialStructure
GlobalId : IfcGloballyUniqueId;
OwnerHistory : OPTIONAL IfcOwnerHistory;
Name : OPTIONAL IfcLabel;
Description : OPTIONAL IfcText;
ENTITY IfcRelationship
ENTITY IfcRelConnects
ENTITY IfcRelContainedInSpatialStructure
RelatedElements : SET [1:?] OF IfcProduct;
RelatingStructure : IfcSpatialElement;

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